Republic of Mars
Major Languages: Esperanto (Official), English, Chinese, Spanish
Climate: Generally sub-tropical near equator, temperate between 10 degrees and 20 degrees north and south, subarctic between 20 degrees and 30 degrees north and south, arctic north and south of 30 degrees.
History: First landed on by human explorers in the mid-21st century, permanent occupation of Mars began in Earth Year 2052. Scientific exploration continued throughout the rest of the century, followed by the founding of the first civilian colony in 2084. Development and economic exploitation of the planet began soon afterwards, and by the dawn of the 22nd Century, 20,000 humans called the planet home, most of them transient workers.
The first establishment of an Earth-like habitat began at Chryse Colony in 2110, and within twenty years several habitat domes existed on Mars, which now had a populations of 50,000, many of which were permanent residents. The idea of terraforming the planet was seriously proposed in 2127, and work began on the project in 2130. That same year, the corporate entities which had built the various colonies revised the Treaty of Mars to officially declare the world an international colony and to provide its inhabitants with a local government seated at the city of Chryse, site of the first settlement.
The terraforming process was hailed as complete in 2258, though many citizens of the planet had begun to live and journey outside the habitation domes for twenty years prior. By this time, 15 million humans called the planet home, and the colony had become self-sufficient. Industry, agriculture and tourism flourished on Mars, and its citizens had began to establish their own identity and culture as Martians.
The independence of Mars was first tested in 2331, when the AI War on Earth caused the shutdown of all information networks from the home world and a restriction of trade. After connections were normalized, the colonial government petitioned for more freedom from their parent corporations on Earth and further powers of self-government, requests which were denied.
The Mentakan invasion of 2353 once again saw the loss of connections with Earth, and left alone among the three human worlds to fight off the alien intruders, the government declared Mars independent in 2354. The Martian’s ability, through technical prowess, to repel the Mentakans and secure the freedom of Earth gave them great negotiating power upon the war’s end, and Earth corporations were finally forced to acknowledge that their former colonial subsidiaries were now equals.